AHA

Assisted hatching. See description under Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)     

Androgens

Male sex hormone, which is also produced by women, but to a lesser degree

Atretic eggs

Eggs that are not viable and therefore cannot be used

Cetrotide      

Inhibits the secretion of the female’s own FSH and LH from the pituitary gland and is used to inhibit spontaneous ovulation. Is only used in short-term treatment for IVF. Read more about Cetrotide, by clicking here.

Chlamydia

Bacterium leading to pelvic inflammatory disease in women, often without symptoms, and to inflammation of the testicles in men. Is a sexually transmitted disease and is thus transmitted during intercourse. Is often the cause of infertility as it may obstruct the passage of the fallopian tubes.

Cycle

Normal term for a menstrual period which is the time from the beginning of the menstruation to the beginning of the next menstruation

Duration of cycle

Number of days from 1st day of menstrual bleeding to the next 1st day of menstrual bleeding.

Crinone

Progesterone gel taken every day from the day prior to embryo transfer and until the pregnancy test. Causes the lining of the uterus to become more susceptible to the fertilized egg/eggs. Read more about Crinone here.

Cyst

Fluid-filled sac that can be seen in the ovaries. Is a normal condition, and particularly in connection with hormone stimulation in young females. The cysts are always benign. Is rarely an obstacle to IVF.

Embolisation

Method to remove major uterine fibroids.

Embryo

Fertilized egg that has started to divide, ie consist of  more than one cell

Endometriosis

A condition, where uterine mucus develops in areas other than the uterus, such as the ovaries, or the fallopian tubes. Can be the cause of infertility.

Endometroid cysts

Collection of endometriosis tissue in the ovaries. Can be the cause of infertility.

Femanest

Tablets containing female sex hormone, estrogen, and which stimulates thickening of the uterine mucus lining in order for the eggs to implant.
Read more about Femanest here.

Fibroid

Is a benign tumour consisting of muscular fibres in the uterine wall. Is often found in older females.

Folic acid

Vitamin B reducing the risk of neural tube defect in the foetus. In order to minimize this risk, all females planning pregnancy are recommended to take daily folic acid supplements in the form of a multi-vitamin pill such as GraVitamin

Follicle

Fluid-filled sac in the ovary containing one egg.

FSH

Follicle Stimulating Hormone which is produced in the brain (pituitary gland) and which stimulates to ovaries to produce eggs. This hormone is injected in connection with hormone stimulation prior to insemination and IVF.

Gonal-f

Gonadotropin with follicle stimulating (FSH) activity.
Read more about Gonal-f here.

GV eggs

Germinal vesicle, immature eggs that cannot be used.

hCG

Human Chorion Gonadotropin, a pregnancy hormone which is produced by pregnancy. Can be determined in a pregnancy test. Is used to mature the eggs prior to egg retrieval in IVF and to trigger ovulation in hormone stimulation and insemination. Can also be used with caution to support the lining of the uterus after embryo transfer.

HSG

Hysterosalpingography. X-ray of, in particular, passage through the fallopian tubes. Is performed in an x-ray department, but only in few hospitals.

HyCoSy

Hysterosalpingo Contrast Sonography. Also known as a water scan. An imaging technique, under which saline and air are injected through the uterus and fallopian tubes to examine fallopian tube passage conditions. Is also used to examine the lining of the uterus for the presence of polyps, partition walls and fibroids that can be the cause of infertility.

ICSI

Intra Cytoplasmatic Sperm Injection is fertilization of an egg in the laboratory by injection of a single sperm into one egg. Is used in the case of reduced sperm quality or where there is a history of poor fertilization of the eggs.

Infertility

 The inability to conceive a child naturally

Laparoscopy

Keyhole surgery (using a telescopic rod lens system and a camera), where a small incision is made into the female uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries

LH

Luteinizing hormone formed in the brain (anterior pituitary gland) and triggers ovulation

Luveris

Gonadotropin, luteinizing hormone (LH). Used in combination with FSH.
Read more about Luveris here.

Menopur

Gonadotropin, highly purified humane menopause hormone preparation, made from urine of menopausal females. Contains follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) as well as luteinizing hormone (LH) Read more about Menopur here.

M1 æg

Immature eggs that have undergone the first meiotic division.

M2 æg

Mature eggs that have undergone the second meiotic division and therefore are ready for fertilization.

Metformin

Also known as Orabet or Glychophage). Tablets regulating blood glucose.
Read more about Metformin here.

Muscle nodules

In medical terms, also known as fibroids. Small benign tumour of muscular fibres in the uterine wall

Neural tube defect (NTD)

Condition where the foetus is born with a hernia in the spinal cord. Folic acid taken three months prior to and during pregnancy reduces the risk of NTD considerably.

Orgalutran

Inhibits the secretion of the female’s own FSH and HP from the pituitary gland and is used to stop spontaneous ovulation. Is only used in short-term treatment for IVF.
Read more about Orgalutran here.

Ovitrelle

Ovulation hormone, human chorion gonadotropin (hCG) matures the eggs and starts ovulation. It is very important to observe the specified timing, as ovulation will occur approximately 40 hours after the injection of hormones.
Read more about Ovitrelle here.

Ovulation

The process in the female’s menstrual cycle, by which a mature ovarian follicle ruptures and discharges an ovum (egg)

PCO

Polycystic ovaries.

PCOS

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Pergoveris

Gonadotropin, containing follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing (LH) hormone.
Read more about Pergoveris here.

Pregnyl

Ovulation hormone, human chorion gonadotropin (hCG) matures the eggs and starts ovulation. It is very important to observe the specified timing, as ovulation will occur approximately 40 hours after the injection of hormones.
Read more about Pregnyl here.

Progesteron

Hormone formed by the ovaries following ovulation. Makes the lining of the uterus susceptible to a fertilized egg.
Read more about Progesteron (Ovitrelle) here.

Pronuclei

Nuclei of the egg that can be seen under the microscope 16-18 hours after fertilization. If there are two pronuclei, the egg has been fertilized normally.

Puregon

Gonadotropin with follicle stimulating (FSH) activity.
Read more about Puregon here.

Recipient

A person receiving eggs.

Rubella

or German measles, is a generally mild disease in children that can be prevented with vaccination. Its primary medical danger is to pregnant women.

Suprecur

Nasal spray used as pre-treatment for IVF, as it down-regulates the female’s own hormone production and in popular terms puts the ovaries on ”standby”

Suprefact

Hormone injection used as pre-treatment for IVF, as it down-regulates the female’s own hormone production and in popular terms puts the ovaries on ”standby”
Read more about Suprefact here.

Testosteron

Male sex hormone which, when excessively produced in women, causes increased growth of facial and body hair, and is seen in some females suffering from PCOS.

Turner’s syndrome

Chromosome disorder that only occurs in girls/women. They lack one of the two sex chromosomes and produce no eggs of their own.

Type 2 diabetes

Increased insulin and blood glucose due to reduced insulin sensitivity in the muscular tissue. Can sometimes be an accompanying disease of PCOS

 

Links: 

Sperm banks:
Nordisk Cryobank (www.nordiccryobank.com)
Cryos (www.cryosinternational.com)

Other links:
Dansk Fertilitetsselskab: (www.fertilitetsselskab.dk)
Landsforeningen for ufrivillig barnløse: (www.lfub.dk)
PCO foreningen i Danmark: (www.pcoinfo.dk)

 

 

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